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Cancer Diagnosis is a Problem in the US
Cancer is one of the main health challenges faced by the American society in both the past and the modern era. Essentially, the American authority estimated deaths attributable to cancer at around 570,000 in the United States of America in 2010. Indeed, despite the stepped up mechanism of mitigating the prevalence of cancer, carcinogenic factors continue to increase within the United States. In particular, the American Cancer Society had estimated that about 170,000 cancer fatalities arise from smoking habits, as well as excessive drinking factors that are perceived to be completely avoidable. On the other hand, another share of about 170, 000 cancer fatalities arose from obesity, mal-nutrition, and lack of physical exercises. Furthermore, similar statistics from the American Cancer Society(ACS) indicates that about one million cancer cases will be subjected to diagnosis caused by preventable factors, particularly when speaking about skin cancer. However, it is sad that about 60% of cancer fatalities in America arise from preventable factors such as smoking, lack of physical exercises, and exposure to direct sunlight. On account of the latter, cancer diagnosis is, therefore, a major health problem in the United States of America (Aronowitz, 2013).
According to the American Cancer Society, cancer diagnosis in the US had been on the rise for a long period of time since the problem is accelerated by various environmental and natural factors particularly related to the changing climatic conditions. However, in the recent past, the cancer fatalities have decreased due to the engagement of solid measures aimed at mitigating the contraction and subsequent cancer ailment in the society. One of the most prevalent measures that have been taken is extensive education on the exposure to carcinogenic factors and human habits that promote the spread of cancer. Consequently, these efforts have been critical to the reduction of the cancer incidences in the American society (American Cancer Society, 2013).
Why Cancer is a Problem
Initially, cancer has been a major problem in the US. As indicated earlier, the disease has been responsible for a huge number of fatalities within the context of American population. Consequently, it is one among the few most dangerous diseases by virtue of claiming lives in the US second from heart diseases. Essentially, African Americans have been the most affected population with cancer in the American society. As a matter of fact, African Americans have been perceived to have the highest recorded death rates, as well as low survival in the event of cancer infections. Essentially, the most prevalent cancer type in the US is breast cancer that causes a lot of deaths in the US annually. In particular, the American Cancer Society estimates that breast cancer will comprise about 235,000 novel cases in the US by the end of 2014. Similarly, second in prevalence is the prostate cancer followed by lung cancer. Additionally, colorectal cancer, which is a combination of both colon and rectal cancer, also tops up the list of the most infectious cancer diseases in the US and perhaps one of the killer diseases within the US. For instance, the American Cancer Society estimates colorectal cancer to approximately 136,830 incidences as of 2014 diseases prevalence rates. This is a major challenge to the health sector in the US that is particularly accelerated by poor lifestyle and eating habits as well as uncontrolled exposure to carcinogenic substances in the society (Piehl, 2007). The number of cases of cancer in the US has declined significantly, but the problem remains grave in America and the world in general. The reduction can be attributed to extensive campaigns and interventions geared towards reducing cancer fatalities worldwide.
Literature Review: How Adults Grief with Cancer Diagnosis
At the preliminary stage of the cancer diagnosis, the majority of people often need some time to adjust to their current experiences and the fact that they have cancer. Indeed, people need ample time to rethink their position in the society and the most significant aspects of their individual lives besides seeking compassion from their friends. However, this period is an emotionally hard time for many people. For instance, the feeling of disbelief, fear and protracted anger all characterizes their everyday lives. Initially, these feelings often consume a lot of mental energy of the victims which further complicates their intake and understanding of medical information that may be provided by the healthcare teams. Consequently, one may need some time to understand and absorb their respective diagnosis, subsequent treatment alternatives, and their physical and emotional impacts on them and their loved ones (Aronowitz, 2013).
Coping with cancer often takes the root of the mode of coping during other life situations that are highly demanding emotionally. In this regard, every individual deals with the situation differently due to personal differences. However, given time and practice, the majority of people often find their way to return to normalcy with regard to their life situations including their social relationships. In dealing with the aftermath of cancer diagnosis and the resultant grief, one may adopt some of the strategic means of coping through the five distinct stages identified by Dr. Elisabeth Kobler. However, in particular, the patient should get accustomed to learning more on the particular cancer problem and its subsequent treatments. In this regard, some people gain a sense of control with respect to their experiences. Importantly, the health care team also assists individuals in understanding their problems and, therefore, facilitating their ability to cope (Aronowitz, 2013).
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