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Nursing is a profession in healthcare sector that focuses on the care of families, communities, and individuals. Nursing staff help patients to maintain, recover, or attain optimum health. Nursing practitioners follow specific health care laws and principles to develop the patients’ lives. The following paper defines the basic principles of healthcare ethics, beneficence, non-maleficence, justice, autonomy, and fidelity.
Medical ethics guide helps nursing practitioners to deliver accessible, smooth and culturally unbiased services. American medical experts designed five primary approaches that help nursing authorities to create a moral commitment towards their regular duties. They are beneficence, non-maleficence, justice, autonomy, and fidelity (Claywell, 2013).
Beneficence is a morally kind and responsible behavior that helps patients to get a relief from pain or illness in a short time. It requires positive intentions, skills, and specific knowledge. Nurses should deliver their best performance in various situations (Claywell, 2013). Moreover, in medical settings, nurses should provide individual approaches for different health issues. For example, an elderly patient fell at home when she was working in the garden. As a result, she had a hip fracture. After that incident she was admitted in the emergency room, and nurses provided special pain medication in a short time, which is an act of beneficence (Runzheimer & Larsen, n.d.). Hence, nurse practitioners should update their trainings to offer special services that benefice individual circumstances (Runzheimer & Larsen, n.d.).
Non-maleficence or no harm principles guide nurses to apply medical procedures that do not harm patients during healthcare practices. Often, medical authorities use various medications that can cause unintentional harms. For example, a pain killer medicine may reduce pain, but it can create liver toxicity. Also, in case of elderly patients, healthcare practitioners may cause severe health issues to patient by using narcotic during operation (Runzheimer & Larsen, n.d.). So, the non- maleficence doctrine helps healthcare practitioners to take effective medical decisions in complex situations (Runzheimer & Larsen, n.d.).
Justice is one of the important principles of healthcare service. It guides nursing department to offer fair treatments to all patients. Also, it teaches healthcare service providers to justify their actions in various situations. For example, if hospital authorities need to present an experimental or new treatment, then they should operate such activities in all communities or societies. They should not use new medications for specific groups of people. Moreover, nursing staff should follow fair medical laws that help people to get relief from pain in a short period. They should evaluate the state of justice by offering fair distribution of medical resources and other competing needs (Claywell, 2013).
Autonomy teaches nursing practitioners to respect the patients’ wishes and personal decisions. People have the right to accept or refuse from treatments that are performed in their bodies. Especially, if a doctor needs to apply a specific drug that can create pain or other issues in body, then the nursing staff should inform the patients about the treatments’ consequences or side effects. Also, nursing authorities should make fully informed decision in various operations or surgeries. Besides, a patient must know the benefits or the risks of any treatment. Therefore, autonomy is an important part of nursing principle (Runzheimer & Larsen, n.d.).
Fidelity teaches nursing staffs to improve loyalty, advocacy, dedications and fairness towards patients. Usually, this principle includes agreements to keep one’s promises. Also, it explains the concept of keeping a specific commitment. For example, if a patient does not want to reveal the facts about his or her health, because his or her family is very emotional, then the nursing staff should take loyal and faithful decisions to fulfill the patients’ wishes. Thus, fidelity helps healthcare service providers to develop their faithful behavior (Claywell, 2013).
In conclusion, the basic principles of healthcare ethics guide nursing practitioners to develop their services in healthcare settings. It teaches medical experts to improve their relation with patients and other stakeholders. Also, it guides medical authorities to provide loyal, beneficial, fair, and effective healthcare services. Hence, medical authorities should follow these basic principles.
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